What’s New and In the Queue for Academic Medicine

What’s New: A Preview of the October Issue

The October issue of Academic Medicine is now available! Read the entire issue online at academicmedicine.org. Highlights from the issue include:

The Daunting Career of the Physician–Investigator
McKinney defines three distinct career paths for physician-investigators—clinical researcher, clinician-scientist, and physician-scientist—and the common and distinct challenges they face.

Toward an Optimal Pedagogy for Teamwork
In this Perspective, Earnest and colleagues propose a three-level classification of pedagogical approaches to teamwork training (minimal, implicit, and explicit team learning) based on the presence of two key learning factors: interdependent work and explicit training in teamwork.

Beyond Citation Rates: A Real-time Impact Analysis of Health Professions Education Research Using Altmetrics
Maggio and colleagues describe altmetrics, or alternative metrics, and provide a snapshot of health professions education research dissemination via altmetrics channels. Growing altmetrics attention to HPE scholarship signals a broad interest in this kind of research.

Clinician–Investigator Training and the Need to Pilot New Approaches to Recruiting and Retaining this Workforce
Hall and colleagues summarize the literature on promising training opportunities for clinician-investigators and discuss priorities for future efforts: (1) support for research in residency, (2) new research on-ramps at multiple career stages, and (3) national networks to diversify and sustain faculty.

Associations Between Physician Empathy, Physician Characteristics, and Standardized Measures of Patient Experience
Chaitoff and colleagues find that specialty and sex were independently associated with empathy. Empathy was correlated with higher scores on multiple Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems Clinician and Group (CG-CAHPS) survey items.

What’s In the Queue: A Sneak Peek

Here’s a preview of an upcoming Perspective by Robert A. Salata, MD, Mark W. Geraci, MD, Don C. Rockey, MD, Melvin Blanchard, MD, Nancy J. Brown, MD, Lucien J. Cardinal, MD, Maria Garcia, MD, MPH, Michael P. Madaio, MD, James D. Marsh, MD, and Robert F. Todd III, MD, PhD

U.S. Physician-Scientist Workforce in the 21st Century: Recommendations to Attract and Sustain the Pipeline

Abstract

The U.S. physician–scientist (PS) workforce is invaluable to the nation’s biomedical research effort. It is through biomedical research that certain diseases have been eliminated, cures for others have been discovered, and medical procedures and therapies that save lives have been developed. Yet, the U.S. PS workforce has both declined and aged over the last several years. The resulting decreased inflow and outflow to the PS pipeline renders the system vulnerable to collapsing suddenly as the senior workforce retires. In November 2015, the Alliance for Academic Internal Medicine hosted a consensus conference on the PS workforce to address issues impacting academic medical schools, with input from early-career PSs based on their individual experiences and concerns. One of the goals of the conference was to identify current impediments in attracting and supporting PSs and to develop a new set of recommendations for sustaining the PS workforce in 2016 and beyond. This Perspective reports on the opportunities and factors identified at the conference and presents five recommendations designed to increase entry into the PS pipeline and nine recommendations designed to decrease attrition from the PS workflow.

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